WHAT ARE TOWNS FAMOUS IN THE HISTORY OF POLAND?
The same places did not always play an important role in history. About the importance of Warsaw, Krakow, One could say a lot in Poznań or other large centers. There are, however, small towns, sometimes even villages, which at some point in history shone with the splendor of great historical events, and then they fell back into a prolonged lethargy. Sometimes it was a heroic fight, sometimes an important state act was signed there; it happened too, that for a short time, cultural life flourished in the small town. So try to answer the question, what made the following towns famous in the history of Poland.
Answers – WHAT ARE TOWNS FAMOUS IN THE HISTORY OF POLAND ?
1. Września became famous for the heroic resistance of Polish children against German national oppression. The children did not want to say their prayers in German or learn religion in this language. For this reason, German teachers tortured several children, and the protesting parents were sentenced to prison. This caused widespread outrage.
2. At the price of the participation of a mass army in the expedition against the Teutonic Knights, King Kazimierz Jagiellończyk established in Nieszawa in 1454 R. privileges for the nobility, in which he undertook not to issue new ordinances and not to convene a mass mobilization without the consent of the regional assemblies. The privileges of Nieszawa meant victory of the nobility over other states.
3. Rakow, a town in the Sandomierz region, was in the 17th century. center of Polish Arianism. There was a great school and printing house for those times, which pressed scientific works and theological polemics also abroad. Arian writers were the forerunners of the rationalism of the Age of Enlightenment. Raków collapsed in 1638 R., torn down by Catholics.
4. He released Kościuszko in the camp near Połaniec 7 house 1794 R. proclamation, in which he announced the taking of the peasant into the protection of the government, gave him personal freedom, he forbade heirs to rug in relation to their subjects fulfilling their obligations, he gave considerable relief to the families of peasant soldiers during the war. The manifesto facilitated the expansion of the armed forces of the uprising.
5- In June 1651 R. Czorsztyn castle was taken over by peasant insurgents led by Kostka Napierski. Here was the headquarters of the insurgent command, hence the Kostka sent universals calling for a rebellion against the nobility. 24 June, the troops of the bishop of Krakow captured Czorsztyn, and they took the Cube captive. He was executed in Krakow.
6. Leszno, city in the voivodeship. Poznan, was in the 17th century. the center of the reform movement in Greater Poland, the seat of the so-called. Czech brothers. It was developing very successfully, had a school and a printing house. Swedish wars and many- the fires caused the city to collapse temporarily, from which it rose in the eighteenth century.
7. The village of Jeziorna, located near Warsaw, became the proverbial in the mid-18th century. as a place, where people went from the capital to hold duels. There, the power of the Crown Marshal could no longer reach those who violated the law. There was a saying "an appeal to Jeziorna”, representing a challenge to a duel.
8. In Chochołów, the 1846 R. uprising against the Austrians. It was headed by a local organist and teacher, Jan Andrusikiewicz. The highlanders disarmed the fiscal guard. The Austrians incited the peasants of Czarny Dunajec against them. In the fight, Andrusikiewicz was seriously wounded. The highlanders, deprived of the leadership, surrendered. Over a hundred were imprisoned.
9. Glogow, town in Lower Silesia, was one of the oldest Silesian forts. W 1109 R. he became famous in the battles of Bolesław the Wrymouth with the German emperor Henry V. During a siege, wanting to force the Głogów to surrender, Henry V ordered hostages tied to siege machines, the sons and brothers of the heroic defenders. The inhabitants of Głogów preferred to hand over their hostages to death rather than to surrender the city.
10. Babin - a village in Lublin. Her name was made famous by “Babińska Rzeczpospolita”, a social parody of the Republic of Poland, created in the mid-15th century. by the feasting nobility of the Lublin region, mainly thanks to Stanisław Pszonka, to the owner of Babin. Babin's fame was spread throughout Poland and Europe by Stanisław Sarnicki, writing about him in his “Roczniki” to cheer up readers.